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    Printing in Turkey

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    Printing facilities in Turkey, which began shortly after the discovery in Europe ...

    Printing facilities in Turkey, which began shortly after he established its presence in Europe and is known for printing of minorities living in the Ottoman Empire. The first printing press was founded by the Jews in 1494 and the first book, which was supposed to be Torah's tithing, was published on the same date. However, the first Turkish printing press to publish in real terms began in 1729 with publication.
    Printing in Turkey
    printing facilities in Turkey, which began shortly after he established its presence in Europe and is known for printing of minorities living in the Ottoman Empire. The first printing press was founded by the Jews in 1494 and the first book, which was supposed to be Torah's tithing, was published on the same date. However, the first Turkish printing press to publish in real terms began in 1729 with publication. The first published work was a Turkish-Arabic dictionary called "Lugat-i Vankuli", followed by other works. The first private printing house established was the printing house of the "Ceride-i Havadis" newspaper in 1840.

    Books in the period leading up to the establishment of the first printing press in Turkey, the Turkish written and duplicated by hand. During the ascension period of the Ottoman Empire (15th-17th centuries), the gathering of scientists especially in the capital city Istanbul and the important centers of knowledge such as Bursa, Amasya and Manisa, increased the production of writing works in these centers. Turkey has inherited from the past with this work, is the richest country in terms of manuscripts in the world. Presently he has 300,000 volumes of writing artifacts. Researchers in many countries of the world are using these works for scientific research.

    From the establishment of the first Turkish printing house in 1729 until the admission of the Latin alphabet in 1928, only 20,000 works were printed, whereas in the next 50 years this number exceeded 200,000. Considering that this figure has increased even more in recent years, the great role of the Republic and the Atatürk Revolutions in the cultural life of the country is clearly emerging.

    As of the end of 2002, ISBN (International Standard Book Number) and 4,233 duration ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) were allocated to 132,741 books of 8,382 publishers in the country. The number of books compiled in 2002 was 12.552 and the number of periodicals compiled was 2,044.

     

     

     

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